Before the withdrawal, a withdrawal agreement was negotiated to ensure that the main political and economic relations between the EU and the UK were not separated overnight. The agreement has been in force since 1 February 2020, when the UK left the EU. It provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which time EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK and the UK will continue to be part of the EU internal market and the EU customs union. During this transition period, the EU and the UK are negotiating their future relations. The political declaration on future relations, adopted by both sides, accompanies the withdrawal agreement and sets the framework for the negotiations. This has led to a number of calls for an extension of the transition period. Article 132 of the VA provides that the Joint Committee (UK/EU) may adopt before 1 July 2020 “a single decision extending the transition period by a maximum of one or two years”. This deadline expires on 31 December 2020 and, during the transition period, the UK is generally bound by EU rules, as it did before being expelled from the EU. The aim was to give the UK and the EU time to negotiate a trade agreement and take the necessary steps to implement the new agreements. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement.  The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. The amendments adjust about 5% of the text.  9 November 2020 – The issue of state aid – In the sixth part of this series, Genevra Forwood, a Brussels-based partner, sees the issue of state aid as one of the last sticking points in the negotiations between the EU and the UK.
The EU-27 (with the exception of the UK) notes that sufficient progress has been made in Phase 1. This means that phase 2 of the negotiations can begin. In Phase 2, the EU and the UK continue to negotiate the withdrawal agreement. But they are also beginning to discuss a transition period and explore their future relationship. The UK government and the other 27 EU member states approve the draft agreement. The British Parliament passes a law requiring the UK government to ask for a postponement of Brexit if there is no deal with the EU by 19 October 2019. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.
  The European Commission published a “custody communication” on 9 July 2020 to prepare for the end of the transition period between the EU and the UK. To support this approach, the European Commission is reviewing the more than 90 sectoral stakeholder preparedness notifications published during the Article 50 negotiations with the UK. These updated availability guidelines (availability instructions) in specific areas (e.g.B.